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Antislavery Poetry from San Francisco

Running man image from workshop poster

The Pacific Appeal was the leading African American newspaper on the West Coast during the early 1860s.  A newly-published set of eight antislavery poems from the journal's inaugural 1862 volume captures the sense of expectancy within the African American community for the imminent end of US slavery.  These poems include the work of James Madison Bell, a San Francisco plasterer, brickmason, and poet.  Read more... 
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An Essay on Slavery, with a Reasonable Proposition Made How to Dispense with It

A self-published tract proposing a solution to the problem of slavery; possibly published in Philadelphia in 1859. Digitized by the Antislavery Literature Project.


 

The conflict over American slavery brought many pamphleteers to the fore with poorly-conceived ideas for resolution of the problem. This brief tract by Andrew Caffrey, an otherwise unknown author, exemplifies this sub-class of marginal reform tracts. Caffrey’s idea, after noting that free labor was more productive, was to end slavery by exporting unemployed whites and free people of color from the northern states as a substitute wage labor force. The author lays particular emphasis on the necessity for both workers and plantation owners to remain sober and efficient, suggesting that he was involved in the temperance movement. 
 
This self-published tract possibly appeared in Philadelphia in 1859. The only other known writing by Caffrey was a short story, The Adventures of a Lodger (Boston, 1868).  
 
- Joe Lockard